Saulius Šliaupa, Jurga Lazauskienė, Saulius Lozovskis, Rasa Šliaupienė

Distribution of organic matter and evaluation of brittleness index of the Lower Silurian shales of west Lithuania based on interpretation of well logs

Abstract There is little known of the basic parameters of the Lower Silurian graptolitic black shales that are considered the most prospective unconventional gas reservoir in west Lithuania, situated in the deep central part of the Baltic sedimentary basin. Hundreds of deep oil exploration wells have been drilled in the area of interest, owing to extensive exploration of oil fields. The lower and middle Llandovery interval was mainly drilled with coring, while most of the section was covered by only logging. Therefore, the knowledge of major parameters of the Lower Silurian shales is rather obscure and is based on scarce rock sample data. The gamma-ray, electrical resistivity and sonic logs were utilised, together with mineralogical studies of rock samples to document vertical and lateral distribution of organic matter. Also, the brittleness index was defined to characterise the whole Lower Silurian section. Some unexpected trends were identified that may redirect exploration strategy in west Lithuania. The combined application of mineralogical studies and well logs indicate a much higher exploitation quality of the Lower Silurian shales than previously believed. A higher organic matter content and brittleness were derived from logging data in the Lower Silurian shales.


Keywords Baltic basin; sonic; gamma-ray logs; resistivity logs; total organic carbon (TOC); brittleness index

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