Olga Korsakova, Dmitry Tolstobrov, Svetlana Nikolaeva, Vasily Kolka , AlyonaTolstobrova
Lake Imandra depression in the Late Glacial and early Holocene (Kola Peninsula, north-western Russia)Abstract
The paper summarizes the evidence of litho-, biostratigraphy and 14C dating of sedimentary sequences studied in natural outcrops and bottom deposits in small lakes, as well as data on coastal morphology in the depressions of Ekostrovskaya and Babinskaya Imandra, the southern sub-basins of Lake Imandra. Lithological, 14C and diatom data suggest that the brackish-water reservoir followed by the fresh-water one existed in the Ekostrovskaya Imandra depression during the Younger Dryas chronozone prior to 11,400cal. yr BP. The Fennoscandian Ice Sheet margin is assumed to have been located in the Lake Imandra basin, covering western Babinskaya Imandra earlier than c. 10,250 cal. yr BP. The early Holocene c. 11,400–8,500 cal. yr BP was marked by a significant westward retreat of the ice margin in the western Lake Imandra depression and adjacent areas, and an extensive fresh-water pra-Imandra Lake basin was formed there. At the end of the Preboreal, earlier than c. 9,210–8,500 cal. yr BP, the pra-Imandra Lake coastline was at least 16–18 m higher than the modern one, as can be assumed according to coastal morphology and lithostratigraphical data. The coastline of that reservoir changed, water square slightly reduced, and isolated small lakes emerged on coasts during the early Holocene.