Irakli Javakhishvili, David Shengelia, Leonid Shumlyanskyy, Tamara Tsutsunava, Giorgi Chichinadze, Giorgi Beridze

Metamorphism of the Dizi Series Rocks (the Greater Caucasus): Petrography, Mineralogy and Evolution of Metamorphic Assemblages

Abstract The Dizi Series is exposed within the Southern Slope zone of the Greater Caucasus, in the core of the Svaneti anticlinorium. It is mainly composed of terrigenous, volcanogenic and carbonate rocks faunistically dated from the Devonian to the Triassic inclusive. Regional and contact metamorphism of the Dizi Series rocks was studied. It is stated that the degree of regional metamorphism corresponds to the chlorite-sericite subfacies of the greenschist facies, occurring at a temperature of 300–350°C and a pressure of 1.5–2.3 kbar. As a result of the action of the Middle Jurassic intrusive rock bodies, the regionally metamorphosed rocks of the Dizi Series underwent contact metamorphism. Three zones of contact metamorphism were distinguished corresponding to albite-epidote-hornfels, andalusite-biotite-muscovite-chlorite-hornfels and andalusite-biotite-muscovite-hornfels subfacies. Contact metamorphism took place at a significantly higher temperature and lower pressure than the preceding regional metamorphism. The maximum temperature of the contact metamorphism reached ≈ 570°С, while pressure varied within the range of ≈ 0.3–0.8 kbar. The evolution of rock associations of regional and contact metamorphism of the Dizi Series was studied. The fields of facies and subfacies of regional and contact metamorphism are shown in the Ps-T diagram. Three age populations of zircons were identified using U-Pb LA-ICP-MS dating of the diorite-porphyrite intrusion in the Dizi Series: Zrn1 (ca. 2200 Ma) and Zrn2 (458 ± 29 Ma) that were captured by the diorite-porphyrite magma from the ancient magmatic and metamorphic rocks of the crystalline basement, and Zrn3 (166.5 ± 4.6 Ma) that corresponds to the age of diorite-porphyrite crystallization.


Keywords low-temperature regional metamorphism; contact metamorphism zones; Ps-T conditions of metamorphism; magmatism; U-Pb zircon dating

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